Construction of any housing infrastructure for may be residential or for commercial purpose, requires a super heavy investment. Sometimes this investment claims the savings of a life time of a person, who is getting his house built. This infrastructure must be protected from all dangers which can cause harm to the establishment. Pest infestation, especially termites infestation is a major cause of irrevocable damage to such buildings. Pre-Construction pest control is a mandatory pest control service, that has to adopted by any builder, before the builder starts building a house on that site.
Why one needs Pre-construction protection from termites and other pests?
Termite infestation is the biggest danger at the site of the future construction. Termites are specially attracted to wooden materials. Timbers and woods used in construction of the house are the targeted items of termite attacks.
Termites live underground. It must be ensured that there is no termite colony on or near the building site. Termites are capable of causing irreversible damage to a house, that is being constructed. Termite pest control is necessary to ensure safety of the house.
Termites are hard to be seen with naked eyes. One needs a team of experts to detect the presence of a termite colony on or near the building site.
Pre-Construction Termites Pest Control-
It is easy to eradicate termites once the termites are detected. One must hire the services of a professional pest control service provider company to provide termite control service at the building site. The commonly used termite control processes are-
- To find out the termite colony and to find out the termite queen at the building site and fully destroy it to ensure complete termite control at the site.
- To use physical barriers such as stainless-steel mesh, to protect the house from termites by preventing entrance of termites into the building.
- To use graded granites as a physical barrier for protection of the house against termite infestations.
- To use Reticulation system to prevent termite infestation in the house. A series of pipes are installed under the slabs in this reticulation system. These pipes carry termite pesticides and termite control chemicals at the time of termite infestation in the house, to destroy termites.
- An effective termite control solution must be taken from an effective pest control service provider company, such as Pest Control Services Inc, Indore, for effective Pre-Construction termites and other pest control, at the site of house construction for protection of the house from termites and other pests, those can damage the house.
It is indeed very important for the owner of the house and other infrastructures to ensure protection of their constructed premises from the threats of pests, such as Termites, Wood Borers and Carpenter Bees, which can cause permanent damage to the infrastructure by damaging wooden structures and furniture. This may in turn cause heavy financial loss to the owner of the premises and may result in severe loss in businesses also.
Post Construction Termite Control
Termites are the major destroyers of housing infrastructures. One must take post construction termite control measures immediately on noticing the first signs of termite infestation. It is best to take the termite control services from a renowned and reputed pest control service provider company, such as pest Control Services Inc, Indore.
This post construction termite control is very important for the safety of the premises. The pest control service provider company, PCSI, also helps in creating a barrier in the ground surrounding the house by injecting Anti Termite liquid Termiticide, for protection against any termite infestation from within the ground level, after the construction of house.
Post Construction Wood Borer Control
Wood Borers Beetles are also very dangerous and cause irreparable damage to the house and premises infrastructure, even after construction of the house and housing infrastructure. Wood Borers can invade after some time of construction of the house. It can also leave its eggs or larvae inside the wooden structures or the furniture, which in turn can completely destroy the house or the premises.
It is always best to immediately take the pest control services of a professional pest control service provider company, such as Pest Control Services Inc, Indore, at the sight of any sign of Wood Borer in the house or in nearby the house.
Post Construction Carpenter Bee Control
Carpenter Bee is also an equally damaging pest that destroys all wooden structures and furniture in and around the house and the premises. It takes a while for the Carpenter Bee to cause damage in the house. It is always best to take preventive measures of Carpenter Bee infestation before it can even start. It is always the wisest solution to take the services of a professional pest control service provider company, such as, Pest Control Services Inc, Indore to protect the house and the premises from Carpenter Bee infestation.
Termite Control / Treatment- The way to protect one’s heaviest, lifetime investments.
Damages done by Termites-
TA greater part of either the home or the office can be damaged by termites. Below is given a text to make you understand better the situation and the damages, that may be caused by termites. Please make sure to reach to your Pest Control Service Provider, as soon as possible, at the first sign of termites in your remises.
Termites cause damage to major parts of a house or office. To help you understand it in a better manner explained below are the main damages caused by them. Just in case you witness any of the signs mentioned below, make sure you waste no time in reaching an pest control provider.
Damage to the Wall
It is very common for walls to get damaged by termites as these are among their most favourite habitats. The good thing is that this can be controlled with the help of proper inspection. A good pest control provider will provide you details on the extent of damage the termites have already caused to the wall suggest possible treatments.
Some common areas include wood piles, loose wooden panelling and damp areas. It is important to address these issues before the termites cause any more damage.
Termites love to live close to wood; however, they have been found in cellulose-based materials as well including carpets, photograph frames and books.
They reproduce in early summer and in late spring give birth to new colonies. These multiply at a quick rate and often find space under the carpet. These are normally found at the corners sticking to the carpet. They do not usually cause much damage to it other than some marks; however, carpets serve as a great place for them to grow which is why it is important to be careful.
Termite Foundation Damage
Termites can cause long-lasting damage to the foundation of your home or office. Subterranean termites, one of the most common types of termites in India, are known for their destructive natures. They live underground and are known to forage in soil in order to find food. Exposed gaps or wood underground allows these termites to cause damage to a property’s foundation. It may take time but the damage can be extensive and must be controlled.
As per most pest control providers, one of the best options is to have a relevant solution to this problem. Some common solutions include the use of pesticide to treat the soil. Plus, bait may also be used to catch and remove termites. Many experts also suggest installing an aluminum layer to prevent infestation.
In addition to these termites can damage your ceiling and laminate flooring as well. To sum it up, they are dangerous for the whole house as almost every corner of your house is open to them. In order to save your property from getting damaged by these insects, it is important that you seek help from an experienced professional provider so that the damage can be minimized.
Termite Control- the need of the hour-
If your property has been infested with termites, it is important to seek professional help immediately. Of all insects, termites are the most destructive, causing literally billions of dollars in damage to homes and businesses. With the right Termite Treatment company, your property will be free of termites. In addition, the company can offer you a preventative plan to keep them at bay.
All termite control companies have their own methods for getting rid of termites, but the following are some of the five ways proven most effective.
- Permethrin Dust – Permethrin dust is a natural termite control insecticide that produces excellent results. Not only is it highly effective for getting rid of termites in commercial spaces, it also eliminates ticks, ants, ground beetles, bagworms, and many other annoying pests.
- Arsenic Dust – Some termite control companies use this type of dust, which is effective in treating termites that are seen but also those in the colony. As one sprayed termite makes its way back to the colony, other termites are affected. However, any bugs that feed on the dead termites will also be eliminated.
- Removal of Damp Wood – The more reputable pest control companies do more than just spray chemicals. A company that offers Termite treatment will check the commercial space for anything that termites might use as a home, including damp wood. If wood floors, baseboards, or stacked wood is damp, you will need to have it replaced or get rid of it.
- Temperature Setting – Termites do not thrive in cold environments. Depending on the size of the space or affected area, liquid nitrogen may be used as a spot treatment to bring the temperature down low enough to kill termites.
- Flooding – Another natural termite control method involves drowning the termites. For example, if termites are outside of your property in a bed of plants, the experts would flood the termites’ mud tubes to literally drown them.
How to recognise signs of Termite infestations?
Termites are the silent destroyers of houses and other human premises. Termites damage the residential and commercial premises so badly, that the damage can never be repaired. It is always best to keep a sharp eye on the signs of termite infestation in home and in other areas, to make a timely decision for termite control in the affected areas.
Termite infestation only comes into somebody’s notice, when the damage done by the termites become openly visible. It is necessary for the owner of the property to avoid losses in coming times, by taking effective pest control measures for termite control.
The Signs of Termite infestations in a house.
- The termites build mud tubes in the areas where the termites excavate and make their colonies.
- There are always number of discarded wings around the place where termites have infested. These wings are from Swarmer’s, the reproductive, female and male termites.
- The termites damage woods to a large scale in the places where they invade and infest.
- The uneven layers of paint or bubbles on the wall show the areas where termites are trying to make their colony.
- Frass is also a very tell-tale sign of Termite infestation in a house.
It is best to immediately call a professional pest control service provider company for effective termite control in the termite infested areas to prevent further damage.
For immediate help in eliminating a termite problem, as well as preventative maintenance, you can always count on the experts at Pest Control service Inc Indore, M.P. They have been providing services to their customers for years.
Why choose Pest Control Service Inc, Indore for Termite control?
PCSI employs a scientific and integrated approach to ridding the premises of termites. The PCSI experts carry out a thorough inspection of the site and its surroundings to determine the affected areas. A plan of action is then drawn up and executed using chemical, non-chemical and biological control methods.
Call : +91 9826827806 / 7471129888
Termites are a type of insect. Termites are eusocial insects that are classified at the taxonomic rank of Isopteran, or as family Termitoidae within the cockroach. Termites were once classified in a separateorder from cockroaches, but recent phytogenetic studies indicate that they evolved from close ancestors of cockroaches during the Jurassic period.
However, the first termites possibly emerged during the Permian or even the Carboniferous period. About 3,106 species are currently described, with a few hundred more left to be described. Although these insects are often called “white ants”, they are not ants.
Termites are among the most successful groups of insects on Earth, colonising most landmasses except for Arctica and Antarctica Their colonies range in size from a few hundred individuals to enormous societies with several million individuals.
Termite queens have the longest lifespan of any insect in the world, with some queens reportedly living up to 30 to 50 years. Unlike ants, which undergo a complete metamorphosis, each individual termite goes through a metamorphosis that is incomplete, that proceeds through egg, nymphand adult stages. Colonies are described as Superorganism, because the termites form part of a self-regulating entity, the colony itself.
Like ants and some bees and wasps from the separate order Hymenoptera, termites divide labour among castes consisting of sterile male and female “workers” and “soldiers”. All colonies have fertile males called “kings” and one or more fertile females called “queens”. Termites mostly feed on dead cellulose material and dead plants, generally in the form of wood, dead leaves, soil, or animal dung. Termites are major detritivores, particularly in thetropical and sub-tropical regions, and their recycling of wood and plant matter is of considerable ecological importance.
Termites usually are cryptic, meaning that they don’t come out into the open making them difficult to detect. They are often called the “silent destroyer” because they may be secretly hiding and thriving in your home or yard without any immediate signs of damage.
Even when they are visible within the home as flying insects, termites can often be mistaken for ants. Some homeowners will dismiss the termites as pesky ants (which often swarm at the same time of year) and ignore them without taking any preventive or extermination measures.
This allows established termite infestations to grow exponentially. Termites can be identified by their straight, beaded antennae, uniform waists, and wings of equal size.
- Termites generally swarm in the spring. It is important to get an annual termite inspection to prevent costly damage.
- Termites also swarm in the late summer.
- One colony of Termites can contain an average of 3 million members. There have been documented cases where 70 million Termites have been found.
- Termite colonies are often larger (and more damaging) in a home infestation than in nature
- All termites are Social insects and raise their young as a group.
- The total weight of all of the termites in the world is more than the weight of all the humans in the world.
- Termite colonies eat non-stop, 24 hours a day, seven days a week!
- Termites have wings that they shed once they have found a good place to build a nest.
Termites are usually small, measuring between 4 to 15 millimetres (0.16 to 0.59 in) in length. The largest of all extant termites are the queens of the species Macrotermes, measuring up to over 10 centimetres (4 in) in length.
Most worker and soldier termites are completely blind as they do not have a pair of eyes. However, some specieshave compound eyes, which they use for orientation and to distinguish sunlight from moonlight. Like other insects, termites have a small tongue-shaped labrum and a clypeus, the clypeus is divided into a post clypeus and ante clypeus. Termite antennae have a number of functions such as the sensing of touch, taste, odours (including pheromones), heat and vibration.
The three basic segments of a termite antenna include a scape, a pedicel (typically shorter than the scape), and the flagellum (all segments beyond the scape and pedicel) The mouth parts contain a maxilla, a labium, and a set of mandibles. The maxillae and labium have palps that help termites sense food and handling.
Consistent with all insects, the anatomy of the termite thorax consists of three segments: the pro thorax, the meso thorax and the meta thorax. Each segment contains a pair of legs. On alates, the wings are located at the mesothorax and metathorax. The mesothorax and metathorax have well-developed exoskeletal plates; the prothorax has smaller plates.
Termites have a ten-segmented abdomen with two plates. The tenth abdominal segment has a pair of short cerci. There are ten tergites, of which nine are wide and one is elongated. The reproductive organs are similar to those in cockroaches but are more simplified. For example, the organ is not present in male alates, and the sperm is either immotile or aflagellate.
However, Mastotermitidae termites have multiflagellate sperm with limited motility. The genitals in females are also simplified. Unlike in other termites, Mastotermitidae females have an ovipositor, a feature strikingly similar to that in female cockroaches.
The non-reproductive castes of termites are wingless and rely exclusively on their six legs for locomotion. The alates fly only for a brief amount of time, so they also rely on their legs. The appearance of the legs is similar in each caste, but the soldiers have larger and heavier legs. The number of tibial spurs on an individual’s leg varies. Some species of termite have an arolium, located between the claws, which is present in species that climb on smooth surfaces but is absent in most termites.
Unlike in ants, the hind-wings and fore-wings are of equal length. Most of the time, the alatesare poor flyers; their technique is to launch themselves in the air and fly in a random direction. Studies show that in comparison to larger termites, smaller termites cannot fly long distances. When a termite is in flight, its wings remain at a right angle, and when the termite is at rest, its wings remain parallel to the body
Caste System in Termites-
Worker termites undertake the most labour within the colony, being responsible for foraging, food storage, and brood and nest maintenance. Workers are tasked with the digestion of cellulosein food and are thus the most likely caste to be found in infested wood. The process of worker termites feeding other nestmates is known as trophallaxis. Trophallaxis is an effective nutritional tactic to convert and recycle nitrogenous components.It frees the parents from feeding all but the first generation of offspring, allowing for the group to grow much larger and ensuring that the necessary gut symbionts are transferred from one generation to another. Some termite species do not have a true worker caste, instead relying on nymphs that perform the same work without differentiating as a separate caste.
The soldier caste has anatomical and behavioural specialisations, and their sole purpose is to defend the colony. Many soldiers have large heads with highly modified powerful jaws so enlarged they cannot feed themselves. Instead, like juveniles, they are fed by workers. simple holes in the forehead that exude defensive secretions, are a feature of the family Rhinotermitidae.[ Many species are readily identified using the characteristics of the soldiers’ larger and darker head and large mandibles. Among certain termites, soldiers may use their globular (phragmotic) heads to block their narrow tunnels. Different sorts of soldiers include minor and major soldiers, and nasutes, which have a horn-like nozzle frontal projection. These unique soldiers are able to spray noxious, sticky secretions containing diterpenes at their enemies. Fixation of Nitrogen plays an important role in nasute nutrition.
Queen and the King
The reproductive caste of a mature colony includes a fertile female and male, known as the queen and king. The queen of the colony is responsible for egg production for the colony. Unlike in ants, the king mates with her for life. In some species, the abdomen of the queen swells up dramatically to increase fecundity, a characteristic known as physogastrism. Depending on the species, the queen starts producing reproductive winged alates at a certain time of the year, and huge swarms emerge from the colony when nuptial flights begins. These swarms attract a wide variety of predators.
Types of Termites-
Dampwood Termites- Dampwood termites are normally larger in size than other termite species. Like drywood termites, dampwood colonies don’t have workers. Younger termites called “false workers” do all the work for the colony.
These termites are of half an inch in size, with a long, narrow or oval body, having brownish colour. It has six legs, with wings and antenna. Dampwood termites like to feed on very moist wood.
Because they need lots of moisture, dampwood termites usually live in damp, dying wood or in houses with leaking plumbing that keeps the wood wet. Dampwood termites do not carry disease and don’t usually bother buildings because there is not enough water in the wood.
Drywood Termites – Drywood termites form colonies of up to 2,500 members. Drywood termite colonies don’t have workers. Younger termites, called “false workers”, do all the work for the colony.
These termites are of half to three fourth of an inch in size, with a long, narrow or oval body, having light brownish colour. It has six legs, with wings and antenna. Drywood termites eat wood, wallpaper, plastics and fabric made from plants.
Drywood termite colonies are usually found in dry wood and they do not require moisture or contact with the soil. Drywood termites can build nests and dig tunnels in buildings. These tunnels cause major damage because the wooden support beams can become weak and make the building lean or fall down.