Mosquito Control- the way to prevent many epidemics.
The health dangers spread by mosquitos-
India is experiencing major health threats every year from mosquito borne diseases, in this country. While the dengue outbreak in Delhi has hit the national headlines, little attention has been given to equally worrying data from states such as Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu, which between them account for almost half of India’s 22,079 dengue cases till September 13, the last day till when country-wide data is available.
Mosquito-borne diseases including chikungunya, dengue, malaria and Japanese encephalitis cases has been on the rise across the country, with chikungunya recording 300%, the highest, increase in cases between 2012-2015.Meanwhile, dengue cases increased 157%, followed by Japanese encephalitis cases clocking 124% rise, according to National Health Profile 2017 report.
Chikungunya cases showed a declining trend until 2012, when it recorded the lowest number of cases that is 15,977. Thereafter, the numbers surged drastically to 58,264, according to the 2016 (provisional) data.With death toll rising following the rapid spread of mosquito-borne diseases in the country, India’s success in achieving its target to eliminate these diseases seems unclear.
Mosquito Control- the need of the hour-
Mosquito control manages the population of mosquitoes to reduce their damage to human health, economies, and enjoyment. Mosquito control is a vital public-health practice throughout the world and especially in the tropics because mosquitoes spread many diseases, such as malaria and Zika virus.
Mosquito-control operations are targeted against three different problems:
- Nuisance mosquitoesbother people around homes or in parks and recreational areas;
- Economically important mosquitoesreduce real estate values, adversely affect tourism and related business interests, or negatively impact livestock or poultry production;
- Public healthis the focus when mosquitoes are vectors, or transmitters, of infectious diseases.
Measures to Mosquito Control-
- Monitoring the population of mosquito in a defined area and keeping them from growing.
- Reduction the breeding and growing sources of mosquitoes, such as emptying the standing water in the area.
- Biological Control of mosquitoes breeding and growing by introducing Gambusia fishes in the ponds of stranded water, who eat the mosquito larvae. It also introduces infection through pathogensto target mosquitoes to kill them.
- Adoption of experimental biological control methods to mosquito killing by introducing large number of sterile males to the area.
- Larva of mosquitoes can be trapped by providing artificial breeding grounds to them.
- The adult mosquitoes can be trapped by genetic engineering.
- Addition of oil drips in water is an eco-friendly way of mosquito control.
- Larvae of mosquito can be killed by exposing the larvae to contact poison, the mosquito insecticides.
- Adult mosquitoes can be controlled by mosquito pest control on both ground level or aerial level.
The common mosquito insecticides-
The common mosquito insecticides are-
Role of Pest Control in Mosquito Control-
The role of a good pest control service to control mosquitoes in either a residential or a commercial area is very much beyond any doubt. Mosquitoes are infamous for spreading extremely dangerous diseases such as malaria, dengue, brain fever, cerebral malaria and filariasis. Having a mosquito infestation in close proximity to a person and his family is an extremely dangerous situation and can be fatal. The primary goal is to keep homes and families safe from mosquitoes.
Why choose Pest Control Service Inc for mosquito control?
PCSI employs a scientific and integrated approach to ridding the premises of mosquitoes. The PCSI experts carry out a thorough inspection of the site and its surroundings to determine the affected areas. A plan of action is then drawn up and executed using chemical, non-chemical and biological control methods.
Few animals on Earth evoke the antipathy that mosquitoes do. Their itchy, irritating bites and nearly ubiquitous presence can ruin a backyard barbecue or a hike in the woods. They have an uncanny ability to sense human murderous intentions, taking flight and disappearing milliseconds before a fatal swat. And in bedrooms, the persistent, whiny hum of their buzzing wings can wake the soundest of sleepers.
Beyond the nuisance factor, mosquitoes are carriers, or vectors, for some of humanity’s most deadly illnesses, and they are public enemy number one in the fight against global infectious disease. Mosquito-borne diseases cause millions of deaths worldwide every year with a disproportionate effect on children and the elderly in developing countries.
There are more than 3,000 species of mosquitoes, but the members of three bear primary responsibility for the spread of human diseases. Anopheles mosquitoes are the only species known to carry malaria. They also transmit filariasis (also called elephantiasis) and encephalitis. Culex mosquitoes carry encephalitis, filariasis, and the West Nile virus. And Aedes mosquitoes, of which the voracious Asian tiger is a member, carry yellow fever, dengue, and encephalitis.
Mosquitoes transmit disease in a variety of ways. In the case of malaria, parasites attach themselves to the gut of a female mosquito and enter a host as she feeds. In other cases, such as yellow fever and dengue, a virus enters the mosquito as it feeds on an infected human and is transmitted via the mosquito’s saliva to a subsequent victim.
Mosquitoes use exhaled carbon dioxide, body odours and temperature, and movement to home in on their victims. Only female mosquitoes have the mouth parts necessary for sucking blood. When biting with their proboscis, they stab two tubes into the skin: one to inject an enzyme that inhibits blood clotting; the other to suck blood into their bodies. They use the blood not for their own nourishment but as a source of protein for their eggs. For food, both males and females eat nectar and other plant sugars.
The only silver lining to that cloud of mosquitoes is that they are a reliable source of food for thousands of animals, including birds, bats, dragonflies, and frogs. In addition, humans are actually not the first choice for most mosquitoes looking for a meal. They usually prefer horses, cattle, and birds.
All mosquitoes need water to breed, so eradication and population-control efforts usually involve removal or treatment of standing water sources. Insecticide spraying to kill adult mosquitoes is also widespread. However, global efforts to stop the spread of mosquitoes are having little effect, and many scientists think global warming will likely increase their number and range.
There are about 170 different kinds of mosquitoes in North America alone. These pests are part of the same family as houseflies and fruit flies, because they all have two clear, veined wings. Best known as a summer pest, Mosquitoes can develop from egg to adult in 10 to 14 days. The size of mosquitoes is from quarter of an inch to three forth of an inch, with a body shape of narrow oval, of pale brown colour. It has six legs, wings and antenna.
Mosquitoes do not bite. Female mosquitoes feed on plant nectar and blood. They need the protein to reproduce. To get to the blood, they pierce human skin with their “proboscis” and suck human blood. Male mosquitoes feed exclusively on plant nectars. Mosquitoes are busiest at night and will fly up to 14 miles for a blood meal. They hunt for food by detecting body heat and Carbon Dioxide, the gas animals breathe out. Mosquitoes breed in soft, moist soil or stagnant water sources such as storm drains, old tires, children’s wading pools and birdbaths.