Fleas are insects from the order Siphonaptera. These are wingless insects. They have mouthparts that can pierce skin and suck blood from the hosts. These are external parasites, living totally on host blood. They make both mammals and birds their hosts. More than 2000 species of fleas have been discovered and reported worldwide.
Diseases Caused by Fleas
Direct Effects of Bites -
The Fleas are a nuisance to their hosts. They live on their host blood and are indirect parasitism. The bites cause an itching sensation with irritation. It leads to the host scratching the spot to get rid of the flea. The bite spot swells with a puncture in the center.
Fleas act as a vector for diseases. They transmit diseases while sucking blood from hosts.
Bacterial Diseases- Murine or Endemic Typhus, Bubonic Plague.
Viral Diseases- Myxomatosi